Today I'll be discussing two common features you'll find underneath a parasol canopy. For lack of being able to find consistent terminology, I call these the "donut" and "joint wraps." More on terminology in a moment. I say they are "common" specifically because they are not universal, or at least there is no way for me to prove that they are universal. In the dozens and dozens of parasols I've seen either in person or online, however, I see them more often than not, and thus feel safe to conclude that they are common.
Ok! So first: the "donut" (I'm going to keep putting it in quotes to underscore that this is terminology I made up). This is a circle of fabric or leather that sits between the ribs and the canopy.
|Fabric donut (cotton) on an 1890-1910 parasol.|
|Donut that is made from some sort of canvas. The canopy|
was silk taffeta. The parasol is from 1870-1890.
|Remnants of a leather donut on an 1855-1870 parasol.|
|Vinyl donut on a modern parasol (note the plastic top notch).|
The Fox Umbrella Company ("Keeping you dry since 1968") calls this thing an "inside cap". I've also seen it called a rosette, but I like to think of rosettes as gathered, scrunchy rings of fabric, and the "donut" is invariably a flat, circle.
Here is the "donut" I put on the workshop frame:
|Reproduction donut made from silk taffeta.|
Next: "joint wraps." These are bits of fabric, also commonly the same as the canopy, that are wrapped around the point where the spanner ribs meet the canopy ribs.
|Remnants of silk joint wraps on an 1890-1910 frame (this one).|
|Canvas wrap from the 1870-1980 parasol picture above.|
|Cotton wrap on the 1890-1910 parasol pictured above.|
Here are the "joint wraps" on the workshop parasol:
|Fold silk taffeta joint wraps.|
And that's the end of today's lecture.
I've ambitiously labeled this post "Part 1" because I figure I'll be talking more about the innards of parasols in the future. I just find them so ridiculously interesting, but I'll try to focus my posts on restoration issues. Anyway, I'm done for tonight, but I'll leave you with a teaser of where the workshop parasol is going: